salmonella typhimurium diseasePosted on October 8th, 2020
Ill people range in age from less than 1 to 61 years, with a median age of 10 years. Take these steps to stay healthy around hedgehogs: Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. CDC PulseNet manages a national database of these sequences that are used to identify possible outbreaks. Children younger than 5 years, adults 65 years and older, and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness.
Regardless of where hedgehogs are purchased, these animals can carry Salmonella germs that can make people sick.
Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Salmonella Typhimurium ST313 isolated from humans and food in Brazil presented a high genomic similarity. Chousalkar K, Gast R, Martelli F, Pande V. Crit Rev Microbiol. In this investigation, WGS showed that bacteria isolated from ill people were closely related genetically.
EFSA J. Chousalkar KK, Sexton M, McWhorter A, Hewson K, Martin G, Shadbolt C, Goldsmith P. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr.
Infection rates in cats (and humans) have been correlated with seasonal bird migrations, Ford L, Wang Q, Stafford R, Ressler KA, Norton S, Shadbolt C, Hope K, Franklin N, Krsteski R, Carswell A, Carter GP, Seemann T, Howard P, Valcanis M, Castillo CFS, Bates J, Glass K, Williamson DA, Sintchenko V, Howden BP, Kirk MD.
In interviews, people answered questions about animal contact in the week before they became ill. Of 23 people interviewed, 16 (70%) reported contact with hedgehogs before becoming ill. Ill people reported buying hedgehogs from various sources, including pet stores, breeders, and online stores.
These events resulted in more than 3200 cases, more than 650 hospitalizations, and at least 4 deaths. Don’t let hedgehogs roam freely in areas where food is prepared, served, or stored, such as kitchens or dining rooms.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.
People can become sick after they touch hedgehogs or anything in their habitats and then touch their face or mouth. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov. However, in some persons, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized.
Epub 2019 May 24.
Methods: A list of the states and the number of cases in each can be found on the Map of Reported Cases Page. Five people were hospitalized. 2018 May;15(5):285-292. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2017.2353. Over the study period, the proportion of foodborne Salmonella outbreaks linked to eggs increased significantly (p < 0.001).
Clean habitats, toys, and supplies outside the house when possible. | A single, common source of hedgehogs has not been identified.
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