un arms trade treaty

Posted on October 8th, 2020

One of the largest sources of civil opposition to the ATT has come from the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA), which is the lobbying arm of the NRA. Mr. Kari Kahiluoto, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Finland to the Conference on Disarmament, on behalf of the European Union, UN 61st Session; First Committee, Thematic Discussion: Conventional Weapons", “The First Committee Monitor, 2006 Final Edition.”, Global week of action to support Arms Trade Treaty, "U.S. (Geneva Academy), Practical guide: applying sustainable development to arms-transfer decisions (Oxfam), How joining the Arms Trade Treaty can help advance development goals (Chatham House), The Defence Industry, Investors and the Arms Trade Treaty (Chatham House), Preventing gender-based violence through arms control.

[24][25], The Arms Trade Treaty obligates member states to monitor arms exports and ensure that weapons don't cross existing arms embargoes or end up being used for human-rights abuses, including terrorism. In that same year, an Open-ended Working Group—open to all States—held two meetings on an arms trade treaty. [2] It entered into force on 24 December 2014, 90 days after the date of the 50th ratification. The treaty calls for the international sale of weapons to be linked to the human rights records of buyers . In 2009, Óscar Arias, then in his second term as President of Costa Rica, introduced the Treaty at the United Nations, saying: I return today, as a Rip Van Winkle of the modern era, to see that everything has changed except this. It did not formally enter into force for Serbia until 24 December 2014. 94 states submitted their views, which are contained in the 2007 report A/62/278. entering into the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty. The Arms Trade Treaty was approved by the UN General Assembly on 2 April 2013 Inadequate controls on arms transfers have led to widespread availability and misuse of weapons. [1], The UN Office for Disarmament Affairs claimed the treaty would not interfere with domestic arms commerce or the right to bear arms in its member states; ban the export of any type of weapon; harm the legitimate right to self-defence; or undermine national arms regulation standards already in place. Welcome to the United Nations. On April 26, 2019, President Donald Trump announced in his speech at an annual. provide guidelines for the treaty's full, clear implementation; ensure transparency—including full annual reports of national arms transfers; have an effective mechanism to monitor compliance; include a comprehensive framework for international cooperation and assistance. In other words, if you bought a Beretta Shotgun, you would be an "end user" and the U.S. government would have to keep a record of you and notify the Italian government about your purchase. [7][8], International weapons commerce has been estimated to reach US$70 billion a year. [2], A further 32 states have signed but not ratified the treaty:[2]. [9], The roots of what is known today as the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) can be traced back to the late 1980s, when civil society actors and Nobel Peace Prize Laureates voiced their concerns about the unregulated nature of the global arms trade and its impact on human security.[10]. Over thirty states have objected to various parts of the ATT during negotiations, the majority of which held strong concerns about the implications for national sovereignty. The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is a multilateral treaty that regulates the international trade in conventional weapons. This group included Elie Wiesel, Betty Williams, the Dalai Lama, José Ramos-Horta, representatives of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Amnesty International, and the American Friends Service Committee. Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, . Meetings and deadlines. It entered into force on 4th December 2014. Later put forward in 2003 by a group of Nobel Peace Laureates, the ATT was first addressed in the UN in December 2006 when the General Assembly adopted resolution 61/89 "Towards an Arms Trade Treaty: establishing common international standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional arms".

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